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Savings and Safety Tips for September, 2015 from All Safety Products, Inc.

OSHA recently proposed Beryllium Rulemaking

WHAT IS BERYLLIUM? Beryllium is a lightweight but strong metal used principally in the aerospace and defense industries. The most common use is in beryllium-copper alloy because of its electrical and thermal conductivity, high strength and hardness, good corrosion and fatigue resistance, and nonmagnetic properties. Another form is beryllium oxide which is an excellent heat conductor, with high strength and hardness, and acts as an electrical insulator in some applications.

Workers who inhale airborne beryllium in the workplace can develop a lung condition called chronic beryllium disease or CBD. Occupational exposure to beryllium has also been linked to lung cancer. Beryllium is classified as a human carcinogen by the US Department of Health and Human Services National Toxicology Program and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

OSHA recently released a proposed rule to protect workers exposed to beryllium. This is a proposal, not a final rule. OSHA encourages the public to participate in the development of the rule by submitting comments and participating in a public hearing if one takes place. Your input will help OSHA develop an effective health standard that protects employees from beryllium-related health effects to the extent feasible for employers.

OSHA estimates that the proposed rule will prevent 96 premature deaths each year and prevent 50 new cases of CBD per year, once the full effects of the rule are realized.

The proposed rule is the result of OSHA's extensive review of scientific evidence relating to the health risks of exposure to beryllium, analysis of the diverse industries where worker exposure to beryllium occurs, and outreach efforts to affected stakeholders. OSHA carefully considered input from industry and labor stakeholders, recommendations from small business representatives, and feedback from subject matter experts and partner agencies in developing the proposed rule.

OSHA currently enforces a 40-year-old permissible exposure limit (PEL) for beryllium in general industry, construction and shipyards that is outdated and does not adequately protect worker health.

Watch out for more ticks in a warm Fall season!

A warm Fall season could increase the number of ticks and the incidence of Lyme Disease, an Oregon State University study finds.

The study focused on blacklegged ticks also known as deer ticks found in northeastern states. These ticks have a two-year lifecycle from egg to larva to nymph to adult.

A warm Fall season pushes the lifecycle ahead by nearly three weeks, making tick season start in April, not May. The weather in October is key to this phenomenon.

Adult ticks lay eggs in the Spring and the larvae hatch in the Summer. By August and September, the larvae are looking for a host, usually a rodent. Since ticks can't jump or fly, they cling to grasses and target small rodents. It is actually the rodent population that becomes infected with Lyme Disease and transmits it to ticks.

The larvae need to find a blood meal to transform to nymphs, the most dangerous stage to humans. Larvae live only a few days and then become inactive. If the larvae haven't found a host, they overwinter as larvae. If they have found a blood meal, they transform to nymphs, overwinter and become active the following Spring.

If the weather is warm in the Fall nymphs emerge early in the Spring, and infect the local animal population with Lyme Disease, just as the larvae population is emerging from overwintering. This creates a greater population of Lyme Disease carrying ticks.

If the tick nymph was not infected in the larval stage, it could become infected as a nymph or as an adult.

Nymph-stage ticks are most dangerous to humans because they are so easily overlooked. They are the size of a poppy seed.

Interestingly, the best enemy of the tick is the opossum. This forest rodent is a champion at grooming. Studies say it finds and kills at least 90 percent of ticks that find it.

Some studies suggest that one in four tick nymphs carry Lyme Disease.

So what can you do? Wear socks and shoes if you are going in the woods in all seasons, for one thing. Be sure to do so in the Fall, not just the Spring.

A Health Tip for Workers: Think about it: Know why hydration is so important

The human body is composed of 75 percent water and 25 percent solid matter. To provide nourishment and conduct all the activities in the body, we need water. To ward off dehydration, Dr. Julian Seifter, a professor at Harvard Medical School, says healthy people should get 30 to 50 ounces of water per day, but not all at once.

He recommends drinking water or juices and eating water-rich foods such as melons, salads, fruits and applesauce. "An easy way to stay hydrated gradually is by getting fluids at meals, with medicine, and socially", says Dr. Seifter. If you drink too much at once, the kidneys lose some of their ability to eliminate water, especially as we age. It's also possible to take in too much water if you have health conditions such as thyroid disease or kidney, liver or heart problems.

If you take medications that make you retain water, such as pain medications, including over-the-counter pain relievers, and some antidepressants, check with your doctor to be sure you';re getting the right amount of fluids. Older people may not get enough because they don't sense thirst as much as when they were younger, and they could be taking medications, such as diuretics, that cause fluid loss.

This recipe sounds delicious.  Celebrate National Linguine Day with Linguine con Vongole

Sounds mysterious and expensive to make, but it's not. Linguini with Clams is inexpensive, quick and easy to prepare, light and delicious. A half hour is all it takes, and you're ready to serve. Create the ambiance with your best red-checkered tablecloth, candles ready to light, and the bottle of chianti standing by.

Don't forget the dinner music: Dean Martin singing O Sole Mio.

Americans love pasta and consume about 20 pounds a year. On September 15, National Linguine Day (yes, with an e and not an i, to be authentic). We have another excuse for serving linguine, one of the favorite pasta shapes of the more than 600 worldwide. Italian for "little tongues", linguine is narrower than fettuccine.

Linguine con Vongole

  • 1 pound linguine
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 4 cloves garlic, minced
  • 2 pounds littleneck clams
  • 1 cup dry white wine (Pinot Grigio or Sauvignon Blanc)
  • 1 teaspoon red pepper flakes
  • 1/4 cup unsalted butter
  • 1 medium lemon, juiced
  • 2 tablespoons flat-leaf parsley with coarsely chopped salt


  • Soak clams in salt water; scrub and rinse well.
  • Bring one gallon of water to boil.
  • Add 2 tablespoons salt.
  • Add linguine and cook 10 minutes or until it is tender but firm.
  • Heat olive oil in a large skillet over medium heat.
  • Add garlic and saute one minute, until aromatic.
  • Add cleaned clams, red pepper flakes, and the white wine.
  • Cook covered until clams open, about 5 minutes. Discard any that don't open.
  • Remove cover, add lemon juice, butter and parsley.
  • Drain pasta and toss with the clams and sauce.
  • Season with salt and pepper.
  • Add a sprinkle of lemon zest.
  • Serve with crusty bread, a simple green salad, and a bottle of wine.

What a great way to celebrate National Linguine Day!

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